The Jaw joint (TMJ) is a complex structure connecting the skull to the lower jaw.


Pain in this region can arise from a lot of factors such as

  • Trauma
  • Genetics
  • Night Grinding of Teeth
  • Conditions of Bone like Arthritis
  • Tooth Damage/Infection/ Misalignment
  • Neuropathic conditions (Nerve issues- Trigeminal Neuralgia)
  • Sometimes- cardiac arrest can cause referred pain to the jaw, with the primary pain being in the chest region.
How do you know you have a joint issue?
  • Pain/ tenderness in the jaw
  • Clicking/popping sound while opening jaw
  • Ear ache
  • Difficulty in opening or closing your mouth
  • Jaw Locking

The prime rule of treatment is to first address the cause of pain and then treated in one of the following ways

Medical management

This is done by the use of muscle relaxants, steroid therapy to reduce inflammation, medications for pain relief

Physical Therapy- Dental management
  • Occlusal Splint Therapy (Nightguard Therapy)
  • Correction of Tooth alignment issues
  • Hot and Cold fomentation therapy