PREVENTIVE TREATMENT 2 PIT & FISSURE SEALANT THERAPY

Pit & Fissure Sealants for Children and adolescents - Preventing Cavities even before they begin

What are sealants?

The chewing surfaces of back teeth are usually groovy, have many irregularities and are called “PITS & FISSURES”. These surfaces are the prime cause of food retention and cavity progression. Sealant is a type of dental filling material, which is applied as a thin layer on these deep groovy surfaces thereby protecting the sealed surface from decay.

How do these fillings work?

Sealants are an effective means of “CAVITY-PREVENTION”. The thin barrier placed prevents food and bacteria from accumulating on the teeth preventing decay. Additionally fluoride-containing sealants are also available.

In which patients are sealants indicated?

Not all teeth are eligible for sealant therapy; a careful evaluation is required based on the following indications,

  • Primarily used for Cavity Prevention rather than treatment of existing cavities.
  • When the patient is at a risk for tooth decay.
  • Ideally recommended for children and adolescents
    AGE TOOTH TYPE
    • 3-4 years Baby teeth (Primary molars)
    • 6-7 years Permanent teeth (1st molar)
    • 11-13 years Permanent Teeth (2nd molar and premolars)
    AGE TOOTH TYPE
    3-4 years Baby teeth (Primary molars)
    6-7 years Permanent teeth (1st molar)
    11-13 years Permanent Teeth (2nd molar and premolars)
  • Newly erupted teeth
  • Sealants are usually placed on the back teeth (premolars and molars)
  • Occasionally indicated in baby teeth when the child is cooperative.
How much time will the procedure take?

Sealants can usually be performed in a single sitting depending on the number of teeth. Following this, check up visits are required to monitor the sealant once a year.