Extraction refers to the removal of the diseased tooth from its socket in the bone. The branch of dentistry that specializes with this is called “Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery” and an Oral Surgeon is a Specialist which performs the procedure.
This procedure can be scary and nerve wracking for the patient but with modern dentistry this procedure can be done painlessly.
The first step is to get a complete medical history which includes any diseases or medications taken by the patient (especially Heart patients taking blood thinners) and any previous allergies to numbing injections. A consent may be required for some patients for performing the procedure from the physician. The blood pressure and other vital parameters are also recorded.
The dentist first numbs the affected tooth/ region of the jaw and then performs the removal. Based in the type of Tooth removal dentists usually classify the treatment as either Simple Extraction or Surgical Extraction.
Simple or routine extraction is when there is no complexity in the tooth and it is removed easily as a whole.